Spring is a favorite time of year for many people. The weather is warming up after the cold winter, trees are beginning to bud and spring plants are blooming with vibrant flowers. It's never too late to start planting flower beds in order to enjoy a colorful garden throughout the spring and summer. Learn more about the best flowers to plant in spring to get your garden full of bountiful blooming flowers.
There is no magic date for planting in the spring. When spring flowers and bulbs are planted depends on the weather conditions and the type of plant. Many gardeners can hardly wait to plant in the springtime, but that may not be the best time. Some plants may not survive the occasional frost that occurs in the early spring. Here are some general rules for planting in the spring:
Plant after the last spring frost.
Harden off greenhouse or indoor grown transplants by slowly acclimating the plants to the outdoor weather.
Outdoor grown transplants can be put in the ground as soon as the ground can be worked. The soil should not be frozen, wet or muddy.
Bare root plants can be planted as soon as the ground can be worked.
Flowering bulbs are an easy way to quickly sprinkle a garden with flowers that will continue to bloom for many years. Many bulb plants that are planted in the spring will bloom in the fall. Here are a few tips for growing spring flowering bulbs:
Plant bulbs in the same season the bulbs were purchased.
Plant after the last frost date.
Plant in well-drained soil that contains plenty of compost.
Use the recommended planting depth. The planting depth is the space between the top of the soil and the top of the bulb.
Water well after planting.
Flowering bulbs come in many colors, leaf shapes and heights. Try some of these flowering bulbs:
Begonias grow well in shady areas. To get an early spring start, plant begonia bulbs indoors in late February to early March.
Calla Lilies make excellent cut flowers and, depending on the variety, will bloom from June through August. In cold climates, calla lily bulbs must be dug up in the fall.
Canna Lilies add a tropical touch to a garden and bloom all summer long. Use as a tall border.
Dahlias can add drama to a garden with their spectacular height and impressive flowers.
Dahlias bloom from summer to frost and can be grown in containers.
Gladiolus make the perfect backdrop for shorter summer flowering plants.
Perennials are a versatile garden plant. Once a perennial is planted in a garden, it will thrive for many years. Even though the plants die back to the ground each winter, they will sprout into lush foliage and flowers each spring. Here are a few perennials for a low maintenance landscape:
Clemantis is a vining plant that comes in a plethora of colors and enjoys sunlight. Mulch well to keep the roots warm during the winter and cool during the summer.
Daylilies produce flowers that last for only one day and prefer soil that is rich and moist.
Daylilies are edible plants.
Phlox come in an assortment of colors and are grown to attract butterflies to the garden. Grow in well-drained soil with partial shade to partial sun.
Annuals are a great way to give a garden a new look every year. Annual plants have a lifespan of one growing season or one year. Annuals add color to flower beds or can be planted in unique garden containers. Here are a few annuals that will add color to a garden or patio:
Snapdragons not only add tons of bright colors to a garden, the blossoms provide entertainment for children with their dragon mouth shaped flower. To prolong the flowering period, cut off the stems as the flowers mature.
Rose Mallow is a member of the hibiscus family that will tolerate a variety of climates and planting conditions. It produces large and showy flowers that come in a range of colors.
Cosmos is a family of plants that includes sunflowers, daisies and asters. Allow the cosmos to go to seed in the fall to have plants the following spring.
Verbenas come in a variety of growth habits from bushes to creeping vines. Verbenas are drought and heat tolerant. In cold climates, verbenas can be grown as annuals.
Most flowering plants require full sun to produce colorful blooms. Here are a few flowering plants that tolerate shady conditions:
Astilbes produce fluffy flowering spikes in various colors on top of fern-like foliage. Astilbes will grow in moist soil, attract butterflies, can be used in dried flower arrangements.
Bleeding Hearts are hardy in most any climate and require well-drained soil. Because the foliage dies back after flowering, plant with hostas and other shade-loving perennials.
Hellebores are relatively maintenance free plants that will grow in a variety of soil conditions.
Even though hellebores will tolerate shady conditions, they also grow well in partial sun.
The best flowers to plant in spring may vary slightly depending on how cold of temperatures they can withstand. Adjust your flower selection based on the extremity of early spring frost in your area. As spring continues, the ground is warm and soft which provides plant roots with a hospitable growing environment. Newly planted spring flowering plants will enjoy the warm spring weather and burst forth with bright and bold colors that will be enjoyed from spring through fall.
This article was originally posted on IdealHomeGarden.com
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