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Kwanzaa was established in 1966 by Dr. Maulana Karenga, now a professor at the University of California in Long Beach.
On the the Official Kwanzaa Website, Professor Karenga explains that Kwanzaa is a cultural observance, not a religious holiday. It is intended to build a sense of community among African-Americans while also linking them to their African heritage. The celebration of Kwanzaa extends for seven days, from Dec. 26 to Jan. 1.
The other responses in our quiz all point to notable dates in African-American history:
On Jan. 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation.
On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court issued its ruling in Brown vs. Board of Education, ending the so-called "separate but equal" practice in America's public schools.
On Nov. 2, 1983, President Ronald Reagan signed legislation establishing the Martin Luther King Day holiday.