(STACKER) — Skiing has been featured at the Winter Olympic Games since their first year in 1924. And this year, several new ski events have been added, including big air and team ski aerials.
Some of the most awe-inspiring moments in Winter Olympics history have taken place during ski events, and though the sport has been historically dominated by Europeans, the U.S. has had plenty of memorable victories as well.
The following list included some of the most iconic moments from Olympic skiing since the sport was introduced to the games.
1936: Alpine skiing debuts at Winter Olympics
Alpine skiing made its Olympic debut in men’s and women’s combined at the 1936 Berlin Games. It came six years after the International Ski Federation first recognized downhill ski racing as a sport. The governing body founded in 1924 initially only recognized Nordic events of cross-country skiing.
Sir Arnold Lunn, a British skier who created slalom by putting gates (paired poles for the skier to pass through) on the course, is responsible for successfully lobbying the International Ski Federation in 1930 to officially recognize competition in alpine skiing and slalom. He also assisted with the 1936 games at Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
Host country Germany won four of the six medals available, sweeping gold and silver.
1968: The ‘Killympics’
The “Killympics” weren’t so-named for a travesty, but rather for a gold medal sweep by French alpine star Jean-Claude Killy.
Killy, then 24, won the downhill by .08 seconds despite accidentally stripping his skis of wax on a practice run, and he handily won the giant slalom. The slalom, his third event, was held in thick fog and Austria’s Karl Schranz, who had the fastest time, was disqualified by a race jury for missing gates before a soldier interfered.
Killy’s international career ended after 1967-68, and he went to the U.S. where he took endorsement deals, starred on TV, attempted a race car career and eventually joined the International Ski Federation skiing board. He served as co-president of the 1992 Olympics in France and worked on the Olympic Committee.
1984: Bill Johnson becomes the first American to win a gold medal in alpine skiing
Bill Johnson became a national hero when he won an Olympic gold medal in downhill skiing at the 1984 Games in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, after nearly 50 years of European domination in the sport.
Johnson grew up in Oregon and was frequently in trouble as a child. When he was arrested for stealing a car, a judge told him he had two choices: jail or attend ski school. At 23, he became the first American man to win a World Cup downhill event. Immediately following that win, he predicted he’d win gold at the Olympic Games the next month. He did, besting favorite Peter Muller by .27 seconds.
It was the only Olympic event of Johnson’s career. Categorized as a partier, he was left off the next cycle’s team. He suffered a bad crash while attempting a comeback for the 2002 Olympics in Salt Lake City and died in 2016 at 55 years old.
1988: Eddie the Eagle soars
Michael Edwards is still looked at as the embodiment of the Olympic spirit, in which everyday people dream of participating in the games even if they didn’t train a lifetime for it. Edwards, who carved a career as a plasterer, was the first Olympic ski jumper for Britain and finished last in both the 70-meter and 90-meter at the 1988 Calgary Winter Olympics.
Yet, the persona and demeanor of “Eddie the Eagle” led him to become an overnight favorite with viewers. Broadcasters boasted, “the eagle has landed,” when his layers of socks in hand-me-down skis came back to the snow.
The IOC instituted what’s colloquially called the “Eddie the Eagle rule” to make it almost impossible for amateurs to qualify for the Olympics. His story still lives on in a 2016 eponymous movie starring Taron Egerton and Hugh Jackman.
1994: Tommy Moe becomes the first American skier to win two medals
To say Tommy Moe was a longshot to medal is an understatement. Moe entered the 1994 Olympics in Lillehammer, Norway, having never won a World Cup race and finishing bottom of the pack at the 1992 Olympics.
He won gold in the downhill while his native Alaskan neighbors were sleeping and days later, on his 24th birthday, won silver in the super-G. The second medal made him the first American skier to win two medals, landing him on the cover of Sports Illustrated and the late-night TVs of David Letterman viewers. Over his tenure, Moe became a three-time Olympian between 1992 and 1998.
The Super-G was his only career World Cup victory. Moe was inducted into the U.S. Ski Hall of Fame in 2003.
1998: The Herminator
Austrian Hermann Maier shocked the world at the 1998 Nagano Olympics when he came back to compete after a harrowing downhill crash that sent him through three safety nets at an estimated 80 m.p.h. Maier avoided serious injury and days later won gold medals in the slalom and super-G events.
Maier was called “The Herminator” by fellow Austrian Arnold Schwarzenegger and continued on to dominate the World Cup circuit. His 13 race victories in the 2000-01 season tied the single-season record set by Sweden’s Ingemar Stenmark.
Maier was unable to compete at the 2002 Salt Lake City Olympics after a motorcycle crash but secured silver and bronze at 2006 Turin. He finished his career with six World Championship medals and 54 World Cup wins, third on the men’s all-time list.
2014: Mikaela Shiffrin becomes the youngest women’s slalom champion in Olympic history
Mikaela Shiffrin turned into a household name in 2014 when she became the youngest Olympic slalom gold medalist in either the men’s or women’s discipline. Shiffrin was 18 years, 345 days when she raced in Sochi. It was the first U.S. gold in women’s slalom since 1972, a 42-year skid.
Shiffrin added a giant slalom gold and combined silver at the 2018 games and is one of the best American skiers to take the mountain. The six-time world champion is the most decorated American in World Ski Championships history and continues to knock down records on the circuit.
2014: Bode Miller becomes oldest-ever Alpine skier to win an Olympic medal
In the same Olympics as Mikaela Shiffrin, Bode Miller took to the podium as the oldest Olympic medalist in alpine skiing history. Miller was 36 years old when he won bronze in the super-G. It was his sixth Olympic medal—more than any other male American skier in history—over five games in which he competed.
Miller dealt with injuries after Sochi that led to his retirement in 2017. He is one of the most well-known American skiers and one of the most well-accomplished World Cup racers of all time.
2018: Ester Ledecka becomes the first woman to compete in Olympics snowboard and alpine skiing
Ester Ledecka isn’t sure how she did it, either. At the 2018 PyeongChang Games, Ledecka not only became the first woman to compete in snowboard and Alpine skiing at a single Olympics, but she also became the first woman to win gold in two different sports at the Winter Games.
The Czech star, then 22, was a favorite in the snowboard parallel giant slalom. But she came into the Super-G race ranked 43rd without ever podiuming at an international ski event. Ledecka upset defending champion Anna Veith of Austria by 0.01 seconds and upon seeing her name at the top of the scoreboard asked a cameraman, “how did that happen?”
Watch for Ledecka to compete in both events again in Beijing during this year’s Olympic games.
2022: Freeski big air joins the Winter Olympics
Freeski big air is one of seven sports making their debut at the Olympics this winter. The event is popular at the X Games and joins its brother, snowboarding big air, which made its debut in 2018.
In freeski big air, competitors go down a nearly 60-foot tall ramp that transitions into a short lip. They are awarded points for attributes of the trick they perform on the jump, such as the number of rotations, flips, grabs and total time in the air.
Anastasia Tatalina of Russia and Oliver Magnusson of Sweden entered the Beijing games as the respective women’s and men’s reigning world champions.
This story originally appeared on Curated and was produced and distributed in partnership with Stacker Studio.